Gambetta, Léon

(1838-1882)
   political figure
   Born in Cahors, Léon Gambetta, who is considered one of France's most notable orators, statesmen, and patriots, played a leading role in the formation of the third republic. A lawyer, he was educated in Paris and, through articles and speeches, soon became known for his opposition to the regime of napoléon III. In 1868, in a particularly pointed speech, he attacked the coup d'état of 1851. This speech made Gambetta famous. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1869, he at first opposed the French declaration of war in 1870 against Prussia, but once the conflict began, he vigorously supported his nation's cause. On September 4, 1870, after the defeat of French forces at Sedan, he led the Parisian republicans in proclaiming a republic. When the Germans invaded Paris, he escaped in a hot-air balloon and went to Tours. There, as dictated by popular consent, he assumed direction of the nation's affairs and of the war. After the French surrender at Metz, which he considered an act of treason, Gambetta refused to sign the peace treaty and, after the German annexation of alsace-lorraine, resigned from the provisional government with a number of other deputies, including victor HuGo. one of the most radical members of the National Assembly, Gambetta founded La République française, which became an influential newspaper in which he strongly opposed any attempts to restore the monarchy (see edme mac-mahon). In 1879, Gambetta became president of the Chamber of Deputies and, in 1881, premier of France. His ministry lasted only two months, however, because his policies, which were centered on the formation of a strong executive government, were unpopular with almost all political factions. See also franco-prussian war.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gambetta, Léon — born April 2, 1838, Cahors, France died Dec. 31, 1882, Ville d Avray, near Paris French republican statesman who helped found the Third Republic. He became famous as a lawyer defending republican critics of the Second Empire and was elected to… …   Universalium

  • Gambetta, Léon — (1838–1882)    A leading politician of the French Third Republic. Gambetta was called to the Bar in 1859 and as a lawyer exhibited strong political views, above all hostility to Napoleon III (see Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon ). He was elected as a… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Gambetta, Léon — ► (1838 82) Político francés. Republicano radical, se opuso a Napoleón III. Como candidato a la oposición (1869) formuló el programa radical de Belleville (1869) que defendía la aplicación del sufragio universal, las libertades individuales, la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GAMBETTA, LÉON MICHEL —    a French republican leader, born at Cahors, of Italian descent; intended for the Church, to which he evinced no proclivity; he early showed a penchant for politics and adopted the profession of law, in the prosecution of which he delivered a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gambetta — Gambetta, Léon …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Léon Gambetta — par Léon Bonnat Mandats 39e président du Conseil des ministres français (48e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leon Gambetta — Léon Gambetta Léon Gambetta 48e Président du Conseil des ministres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Léon Gambetta, le réformateur républicain — Léon Gambetta Léon Gambetta 48e Président du Conseil des ministres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leon Gambetta — Léon Gambetta um 1870, Aufnahme Nadar Léon Gambetta (Gravur, zwischen 1870 und 1885) Léon Gambetta (* 2. April …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Léon Gambetta — Léon Michel Gambetta fue un político francés nacido en Cahors el 2 de abril de 1838 y fallecido en Ville d Avray (Altos del Sena) el 31 de diciembre de 1882. Primeros años Era hijo de emigra …   Wikipedia Español

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